In 2019, UKRI commissioned the National Oceanography Centre to identify the options for developing a world-class oceanographic capability with a reduced carbon footprint by presenting a range of options for transitioning to low or zero carbon capabilities. The aim of the Net Zero Oceanographic Capability (NZOC) scoping study was to support UKRI's objective to be net-zero by 2040 and its ambition to "be a leader in environmental sustainability for the sector". The NZOC Report aimed to be audacious and forward-looking, challenging assumptions so as to act as a catalyst for others to engage in this transformation.

The NZOC Report combines the findings of 6 work packages and a number of independent reports commissioned under the NZOC banner.